Posts Tagged 'type 2 diabetes'

Type 2 Diabetes and Diet

Friday, August 13th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

If you think there is no correlation of diet to Type 2 diabetes because no matter what you eat, your blood sugar levels seem to stay high; here is a good method to finding a definite answer:

  • put yourself onto a balanced diet plan that includes key foods that help with blood sugar regulation
  • then keep a log of what you eat and what your blood sugar levels are each day.

After a week, you will have enough data to begin to decipher patterns. Then go another week and determine additional patterns.

The reason why you may not have cracked the code on the foods that make your blood sugar levels high or unstable, is that you haven’t changed your diet all that much from what it has been.

The truth is that eating more vegetables at one meal a day is not going to make that much difference in your blood sugar levels unless of course you do something similar to what Dr. Oz did. He found a group of people willing to act as guinea pigs and then asked them to eat a huge amount of fresh produce each day. The amount was a staggering 5 to 10 pounds (2.27 to 4.55 kgs). The volunteers actually had to measure the food on a set of scales and then eat the measured food during the day.

The results were great for those who participated in the mini-study: they not only lost weight and lowered cholesterol levels but also lowered triglycerides and blood sugar levels, too.

Another mistake that people make frequently is that they think they should avoid red meats and all saturated fats from their diet. These saturated fats are the stable fats, the ones that don’t oxidize. An oxidized fat is a very dangerous molecule in your body. It will cause the production of free radicals which then causes rapid aging and destruction of your body’s internal organs. Plaque in your arteries is caused by oxidized fat.

A healthy diet is composed of fat, protein and carbohydrates. If someone decides to eat less protein foods… meats, fish, eggs and dairy products, then the total composition of protein in the diet decreases. Since the total percentage of protein plus carbohydrate and fat must equal 100%, decreasing protein only means one thing: the carbohydrate and/or fat percentage will increase. Once the level of carbohydrates increase, then control of your blood sugar level has started on the pathway to becoming out of control, or more out of control.

Type 2 diabetes is a disease of carbohydrate metabolism; dietary changes can be powerful in improving insulin sensitivity and diabetes control.

Type 2 Diabetes and You

Tuesday, May 18th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

Type 2 diabetics can develop a host of oral health issues if steps are not taken to prevent them. Periodontal or gum disease is a common complication of type 2 diabetes, as high blood sugar levels raise the risk of developing this problem, and the problem in turn often raises blood sugar levels. Glucose is excreted into your saliva when your blood sugar level is high… this may contribute further to you having cavities. You can develop tooth decay from these high blood sugar levels, not because you eat too many sweet foods.

Fortunately, preventing periodontal disease can be fairly easy with good oral care.

Dry mouth is another common side effect of diabetes and can be supremely annoying, especially at night. It can also promote tooth decay, as the lack of saliva leaves your teeth unprotected from acids and bacteria, which would otherwise be diluted. A humidifier can help at night, as can cutting out caffeine, alcohol and tobacco in the hours leading up to bedtime. During the day you can sip water or sugarless drinks to keep your mouth from feeling dry.

Hard candy or chewing gum sweetened with xylitol can also decrease dry mouth. Xylitol is a type of carbohydrate that will not be broken down completely by your body, and thus has little to no effect on your blood sugar levels. Xylitol can also decrease plaque on your teeth, meaning better oral health and less risk of periodontal disease. Some studies show that Xylitol actually increases bone density and promotes collagen growth, leading to better jaw and teeth health.

Sugar-free chewing gum is also a good way to promote dental health without increasing blood sugar, and can increase saliva in your mouth as well. Chewing gums containing magnolia bark can also help eliminate bad breath provided the gum is chewed for at least five minutes. Diabetics often have a sharp smell to their breath that is difficult to mask.

Sugar free candy containing licorice root can kill bacteria that causes tooth decay without adversely affecting blood sugar levels. So can certain beverages, such as oolong tea or cranberry juice; reducing acid as well as making it harder for unattached bacteria to stick to plaque already present in your mouth. Cranberry juice should be drunk in very small servings as the natural sugar can cause a spike in your blood sugar levels.

Its also wise for type 2 diabetes to see their dentist regularly… also ask for advice about your dental hygiene so you can minimize any risk of damage. Don’t forget to tell your dentist you have type 2 diabetes.

Childhood Diabetes

Wednesday, May 5th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

Scientific Breakthrough – Diabetes Can Be Reversed

A diagnosis of diabetes is not a death sentence for your child. It does mean that you, as parents, must make some significant lifestyle changes, because this disease is reversible.

Diabetes takes hold when the pancreas stops or reduces its flow of insulin into the body. Insulin is a hormone that converts sugar into glucose, from which the cells in our muscles and body tissues derive their energy. No glucose, no energy to do much of anything. The problem is that too much sugar and carbohydrates that are converted into sugar overload the pancreas. It’s only one organ and can only do so much. And in some case the body cells refuse to accept deliveries of glucose.

The National Institutes of Health says,

“Physical activity and weight loss help the body respond better to insulin. By losing weight and being more physically active, people with insulin resistance or pre-diabetes may avoid developing type 2 diabetes.”

Therein lies the problem. Where do you start to rehabilitate whatever has been damaged?

Here’s an explanation of what the medical profession says is going on:

Type 1 Diabetes – The cause for this diagnosis is simply that the pancreas has stopped making insulin. Your pediatrician may believe that the answer to this problem is to prescribe drugs and/or injections of insulin. This, of course, treats the symptoms of diabetes, but it does nothing to fight what’s causing the disease-the pancreas.

Type 2 Diabetes is the diagnosis when the pancreas manufactures less and less insulin needed to convert the sugar into glucose. Another scenario is when the pancreas is supplying enough insulin but the body cells are refusing to accept it.

Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after delivery.

Pre-diabetes refers to people who have a problem with high blood sugar but have not yet reached the chronic stage.

Recent research discovered just what may be going on and respected physicians and microbiologists have found the answer.

People living in the Western world began a downhill slide 100 years ago. People began adding more and more carbohydrates to their diet-things like sugar-loaded soft drinks, white enriched bread, biscuits, cakes, pies, snack foods, candy, tobacco and alcohol.

People in undeveloped countries seldom contract cardio-vascular disease, various cancers, arthritis, and, of course, diabetes… They have diets with fewer carbohydrates.

Some members of the scientific community agree that Western Civilization is destroying the pancreas by forcing it to struggle against the sugar onslaught. In many cases the pancreas just wears out.

So where is my government? What is the FDA doing,” you ask?

“The thing that bugs me is that people think the Food and Drug Administration is protecting them — it isn’t. What the FDA is doing and what the public thinks it’s doing are as different as night and day.”

– Dr. Herbert L. Ley, former Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration

Does that answer your question?

The most important tips I can pass along to you in this article are once the diagnosis is confirmed, regardless of what type diabetes your child has, to begin making significant lifestyle changes.

1. Begin by setting the example. Cut way back on the carbs: Eliminate the “white” foods like potatoes, rice, white bread, cakes, pies and cookies.

2. Regulate what your child drinks – absolutely no sugar-packed soft drinks. Water is the best thing going to begin cleansing the body.

3. My wife (she was pre-diabetic) and I just started taking Alpha Lipoic Acid supplements. They are a powerful anti-oxidant and will benefit the diabetic. (Get them at Walmart.)

4. Learn all you can about the disease.

The Onset of Diabetes

Monday, March 8th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

The most common symptoms of onset diabetes are well known among medical researchers and doctors. But these common symptoms can be misleading due to the fact that these symptoms also appear in diseases other than diabetes.

The common symptoms of onset diabetes are excessive urination, dramatic weight loss in a short period time, extreme thirstiness, sudden bouts of impaired or blurred vision, and a constant feeling of listlessness and no energy. These are the common signs, but just because you do not have any of these symptoms does not mean that are protected from the disease.

When a person has this illness, it means that his body cannot regulate the amount of glucose in his blood stream. This means that either his body is not making enough insulin to convert the glucose into energy. Or the body is producing enough insulin, but for some reason the body is not able to make use of the insulin. In either case, the end result is that the body ends up with too much glucose in the bloodstream. Extended periods of too much blood glucose is bad for the body. It can cause drastic shocks to the system as well as the gradual shutting down of the body organs of the body.

The symptoms of the disease are recognized at different points for the two main types of diabetes. For type 1 or juvenile diabetes, although there is no definitive age, these symptoms usually start to show up around the age of 14 or so. For “adult” onset diabetes or type two diabetes, the symptoms – if they appear at all, normally begin to show up in the early twenties. It is worth noting, however, that type two diabetes is showing up earlier and earlier in the population. This is primarily due to the fact that it is basically triggered by diet and obesity. And as the American diet seems to get worse every year, teenagers get fatter each year, and the incidences of this disease increases every year.

Most of the aforementioned symptoms of onset diabetes are signs that can be observed either by careful observation or sight. But there are medical symptoms as well. For example, obesity – especially in those with pear shaped bodies – has a very close correlation to diabetes. High blood pressure is another medical condition that has a high correlation to diabetes. High fat levels in the blood is yet another symptom that diabetes may be present. And there are many others as well. Again, the presence of any of these symptoms does not indicate diabetes – but the presence of any of them, and especially the presence of more than one of them, is a sign that you should probably have your doctor test for diabetes.

As mentioned before, some people with illness do not manifest any obvious symptoms. That is why it is good to periodically have your blood sugar tested during your physical. This is especially true if you have a family history of diabetes or if you fall into any of the high risk groups that are known to be susceptible to the disease.

Diabetes and Exercise

Saturday, December 12th, 2009 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

Almost twenty-one million people in the US are living with diabetes and an estimated 6.2 million of these people don’t know that they have diabetes because they are undiagnosed.People with diabetes, on average, have medical expenditures that are 2.3 times higher than non-diabetics, according to the American Diabetes Association. Another study in Population Health Management estimates that diabetes is costing our nation $218 billion dollars in health care every year. Yet, most diabetes cases are preventable or reversible through exercise, weight loss, and healthy living.

I find myself wondering. What if the 6.2 million people who were undiagnosed knew they had diabetes? Or the estimated 57 million Americans with Pre-Diabetes were educated on how they could mange their health and avoid becoming a Type 2 Diabetic?

Being diagnosed as Pre-Diabetic does not mean that Type 2 diabetes is inevitable. If you lose weight and increase your physical activity, you can prevent or delay diabetes and even return your blood glucose levels to normal (ACSM 2006). (See sidebar for diabetes terms defined)

This is a very important point that many people do not understand – if you exercise and lose weight you can prevent or delay diabetes.

Do you know the signs of diabetes?Take a look around you. Do you see any signs of diabetes in your friends and family right now? (See sidebar for common signs of diabetes) It is very possible that there are people that are diabetic (or will become diabetic) around you every day. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in three Americans may develop diabetes in their lifetime. Those statistics are staggering and PREVENTABLE for most.

What about Type 2 diabetics that have been diagnosed? What if we educated them that through diet and exercise they could reduce their medication or eliminate it? What would this do for our health care crisis? I know that we’d first have to break through many myths, magic solutions, and limiting beliefs. The pharmaceutical companies won’t be happy with me letting this secret out either. But, what the heck, our health care system is in a crisis! Our Nation is sick! There, I said it. So let’s get down to the business of taking some personal responsibility for our health.

Many of you who are trying to understand diabetes and take responsibility for your health immediately have several questions:

  • Should you cut out sugar?
  • Is your weight putting you at risk?
  • If you are skinny, you don’t have to worry, right?
  • Can exercise and diet really help YOU?
  • How do I control blood sugar levels?

And then there are the issues that you might not even know to ask about:

  • Having diabetes for more than five years can increase your likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease
  • Regular exercise can make you more sensitive to insulin, which can reduce medication dosages

First, let’s talk about insulin, the prime medication that keeps diabetics functioning and then you can see the answers clearly to your questions.

How does insulin work? Insulin is the main hormone that controls the entry of blood sugar from the blood stream into the cells of the body to be used as energy. How does exercise influence the insulin hormone? Exercise has an insulin-like effect on the body. When exercising, your muscles require a steady flow of sugar to keep contracting and keep you moving. Exercise increases the rate at which your muscles take up the sugar from your blood stream; so exercise acts the same as insulin by emptying the excess sugar in your blood stream into your muscles. This action, therefore, lowers your blood sugar. One twenty minute walk a day can lower glucose levels by twenty points.

Here is a great example to explain insulin’s function in your body. Think of insulin as a bus for a moment. Glucose (sugar) is the passenger. There are two types of diabetics. Type 1 diabetics manufacture no insulin (or have no bus), which, according to the Center for Disease Control, is 5% – 10% of all diagnosed cases. The second type (Type 2), have insulin resistance, which means the bus is there, but it is not picking up passengers and, there are less buses running the route. According to the Center for Disease Control, Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90%-95% of all diagnosed cases.

When you exercise, your muscles work harder than usual and require more fuel than usual; so your muscles send out their own buses to pick up the sugar in the bloodstream and carry it back to the muscles. Working muscles take over for insulin and (for Type 2 diabetics) they can even show the buses (insulin) how to work again (pick up passengers).

Exercising has many benefits for a diabetic. It increases glucose uptake by the cells, improves insulin sensitivity by improving glucose metabolism and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Reduction of blood glucose levels improves insulin sensitivity by making it more effective. Exercise may reduce dosage requirements or need for medication and improve the ability to lose and/ or maintain body weight if combined with an intuitive diet. (See sidebar for Safe Exercise Check List)

There are many popular myths about diabetes. Here are a few that I hear often.

Myth #1 – Diabetics can’t eat sugar or sweets and the only reason they have diabetes is because they ate too much sugar. Yes, simple carbohydrates or sweets do raise your blood glucose levels but if you eat them in moderation and make them part of your meal plan, you can safely eat an occasional sweet

Myth #2 – If I’m skinny I’m fine. Diabetes is only a disease that obese people get.
Not completely true, 20% of people with Type 2 Diabetes are slim. Yes, being obese does put you at risk for Type 2 Diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. The key thing to remember is that there is not an atypical “diabetes” body type, genetic trait, race, age or gender. Type 2 diabetes is caused by lifestyle choices and diabetes is a disease to take seriously.

Myth #3 – There is no natural remedy for Diabetes. If I take insulin or insulin sensitivity drugs I can continue with my same lifestyle choices and be alright. Well there is a natural remedy, it is called exercise and balanced eating. You can keep a tight control on diabetes by monitoring your glucose levels, combining exercise with balanced eating, or use medication.

Myth #4 – Well I’m only borderline and 170 mg/dl blood sugar reading is normal for me. You may feel normal being a diabetic but high glucose levels are not safe. There is no such thing as borderline. You either are a diabetic or you are not a diabetic. This is a serious disease that requires you to take personal responsibility for your body. There is serious health complications associated with diabetes, especially when you are stressing your body with high blood sugar levels. You have to start to make lifestyle changes so that you can live a quality life over the long term.

Myth #5 – Exercise! What can that do for me? Blah! Blah! Healthy Lifestyle Blah! Yeah, Yeah, I know. The American Diabetic Association recommends 150 minutes of exercise a week. This is exercise of 20-60 minutes, in continuous sessions, 3-5 times a week. The Diabetes Prevention Study revealed that exercising for a total of two hours a week can reduce the risk of developing diabetes by 50%, that can be as little as 20 minutes, 6 days a week. Take a short, ten minute walk before and after work and you can prevent diabetes or lower your glucose levels.

The fact is, over 90% of diabetes cases are preventable and can be maintained with some natural remedies such as exercising, healthy eating, and/or combined with low doses of medication without tapping into our health care system to the tune of $218 billion. Start gradually and exercise a little everyday until you build up to the recommended guidelines. Eat a balanced, healthy diet and lose the all or nothing approach. Get educated about your disease, determine what your beliefs are about diabetes and make lifestyle changes starting today. (See sidebar Want to Learn More)

Diabetes is serious but you can do something about it!

Side Bars:

Diabetes Terms Defined
Type 1 = Auto immune disease that destroys insulin producing cells in the pancreas. The body cannot manufacture its own insulin because the beta cells of the pancreas that are responsible for insulin production are destroyed. About 5-10% of all diagnosed cases (CDC 2005)

Type 2 = body loses its sensitivity to insulin so the body’s cells are unable to utilize insulin properly (also knows as insulin resistance or adult onset diabetes). About 90% – 95% of all diagnosed cases (CDC 2005)

Pre-Diabetes = If you have a fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) and your levels are 100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl you are diagnosed as showing signs of becoming a diabetic unless you make some lifestyle changes

Gestational Diabetes = When pregnancy hormones interfere with the mothers insulin, causing glucose levels to rise. This is a form of insulin resistance that in most cases ends with the birth of the child.

Metabolic Syndrome = A combination of medical disorders that increases the risk factors of developing cardiovascular disease, obesity, hypertension, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high cholesterol levels and elevated plasma triglyceride levels.

Hypoglycemic = abnormally low blood sugar levels which could be caused by excessive insulin, or your diet. Signs would be: trembling or shakiness, nervousness, rapid heart beat, increased sweating, headache, impaired concentration or attentiveness, unconsciousness and coma

Hyperglycemic = abnormally high blood sugar levels. Signs would be: frequent urination, great thirst, nausea, abdominal pain, dry skin, disorientation, labored breathing, and drowsiness.

Do you know the signs of diabetes? Some very telltale signs include:

  • frequent thirst, hunger and urination
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • crankiness
  • frequent infections
  • blurred vision
  • cuts/ bruises that are slow to heal
  • tingling and numbness in hands and feet
  • recurring skin, gum and bladder infections

Safe Exercise Check List

  • Get physician clearance before starting any exercise program
  • Test your blood glucose level before exercise, immediately after exercise, and again two hours after exercise
  • Follow general guidelines for a safe exercise session; warm-up, cool-down, stretch, adhere to an intensity of Type 1 (3 to 5 RPE) and Type 2 (3 to 6/7 RPE), drink plenty of water
  • Wear well-fitting, well cushioned, supportive shoes
  • Wear polyester or cotton polyester socks so that your feet stay dry and minimize trauma to the foot
  • Avoid strenuous, high-impact or static activity unless specifically approved by your doctor
  • Carry a carbohydrate snack with you of 10-15 grams of carbohydrate
  • Wear identification that tells others you have diabetes in case of a hypoglycemic response
  • Know and monitor signs of exercise induced hypoglycemia
  • Do not exercise if <90 mg/dl or >250 mg/ dl blood glucose levels or if you have ketones in your urine
  • If you have autonomic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy or any other related conditions to diabetes, you must get a doctors approval before starting an exercise program. These conditions require specific and strict guidelines.
  • Exercise with a partner until you know your response to exercise
  • Always check your feet before and after exercise for lesions
  • Drink plenty of water. A good rule is to take a mouthful or two at least every fifteen minutes

Understanding the causes of diabetes

Friday, December 11th, 2009 No Commented
Under: Diabetes

Understanding the causes of diabetes is an important pre-requisite in controlling the disease. The pancreas produces a hormone, insulin, which enables the cells of the body to absorb glucose in order to convert it into energy. The condition of diabetes comes about when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body fails to properly utilise its own insulin, or both. Consequently, glucose accumulates in the blood and this can lead to various complications.

Acute Complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemia. Lack of adequate control of the disease may result in coma. Long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, several types of nerve damage, chronic kidney failure and retinal damage, which may eventually cause blindness. Microvascular damage may lead to erectile dysfunction and poor healing of wounds. The latter, especially of the feet, can result in gangrene, which may require amputation.

Diabetes is the most significant cause of blindness amongst non-elderly adults in the developed world. It is also the leading cause of non-traumatic amputation in adults.

Of the many known types of diabetes, the three main types are:

* Type 1 diabetes Here the body fails to produce insulin. Between five and ten per cent of diabetics have this type. Most of these take insulin injections. It appears to be triggered by an infection, mainly viral, where the beta cells, which make insulin, are destroyed. Other possible causes are exposure to chemical toxins in food and exposure as a baby to cow’s milk. Some individuals have inherited a susceptibility to these triggers. Type 1 is sometimes known as juvenile diabetes as it is usually diagnosed in those younger than 30.

* Type 2 diabetes This results from a resistance to insulin, where the body cells fail to respond to insulin properly. This is the type that most people diagnosed with diabetes have. Both types 1 and 2 are at least partly inherited, more so if both parents have type 2 diabetes.

* Gestational Diabetes Women who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, without ever having had diabetes before, are said to have gestational diabetes. About 4% of all pregnant women are affected. It may develop into type 2 or, rarely, type 1.

Less frequent causes of diabetes include:

  • Certain drugs, some of which are toxic to the beta cells of the pancreas, and others which cause a rise in the blood sugar level.
  • Any disease or illness which causes damage or inflammation to the pancreas, thereby affecting its ability to produce insulin.
  • Certain syndromes, such as Down’s, may cause a state of hyperglycemia, which could result in permanent diabetes.

The possibility of developing type 2 diabetes increases with:

  • physical inactivity
  • advancing age, and
  • obesity

Myths About the Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes is not caused by eating sweets or the wrong types of food. This may, however, result in obesity and a consequent development of type 2 diabetes.