Archive for the 'Medicine' Category

Women`s Menstrual Cycle Measurements

Tuesday, December 16th, 2014 No Commented
Under: Medicine, Women's health

Participant Characteristics

Participants completed a menstrual cycle history, asthma history (abridged European Community Respiratory Health Survey), and asthma control questionnaire (ACQ) at baseline. AHR was measured as the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20). Skin-prick tests (SPTs) were completed for 12 aeroallergens plus saline solution and histamine controls (Omega Hollister-Stier Laboratories; Mississauga, ON, Canada). The three allergens producing the largest wheal sizes in each individual participant were used for all subsequent SPTs in that participant.

Menstrual Cycle Measurements

Women`s Menstrual Cycle

After the baseline visit, participants were seen daily from the start of a menstrual cycle (day 1 of menstruation) to the fourth day of menstruation of the next cycle. The data collection methods were identical for the OC and non-OC groups. On each day, a modified ACQ was recorded, salivary samples (passive drool technique) were obtained for the measurement of sex hormone levels, eNO levels were measured (NIOX Mino; Aerocrine Inc; New York, NY), and spirometry (Koko Legend; Ferraris Respiratory; Louisville, CO) was performed to American Thoracic Society standards. Histamine, saline solution, and the three individually selected allergens were assessed with SPT on alternate days (Table E1 in the online supplement).

Levels of 17p-estradiol and progesterone in saliva were measured in duplicate or triplicate by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Salimetrics LLC; State College, PA). Skin allergen responses, measured at 15-min intervals, were outlined in pen and tape-transferred to paper. A blinded investigator measured wheal and flare, recording the maximum diameter and its midpoint perpendicular, and corrected for any response to the negative control. The mean of the two diameters was used in this analysis. (See the online supplement for choice of measurement tools.)

Statistical Analysis

Linear regression (Prais-Winsten regression for the repeated measures data and ordinary least squares regression for nonrepeated data) and x2 analyses were used to examine differences between participants using and not using OC.

Abbreviations: ACQ = asthma control questionnaire; AHR = airway hyperresponsiveness; eNO = exhaled nitric oxide; ICS = inhaled corticosteroid; iNOS = inducible nitric oxide synthase; OC = oral contraception; PC20 = provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1; ppb = parts per billion; SPT = skin-prick test

New data elucidate the mechanisms by which estrogen and progesterone influence asthma in women. Among 792 women in the United Kingdom, ED visits for the treatment of acute asthma were more common during the preovulatory (follicular) and perimenstrual phases of the menstrual cycle. In one study, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to adenosine monophosphate increased in the luteal phase, during which both estrogen and progesterone levels increase, compared with the follicular phase (low estrogen and progesterone), but the individual contributions of estrogen and progesterone were not addressed, and the clinical relevance was not apparent. (See the online supplement for an expanded description of the menstrual cycle.) In another study that reported increased allergen wheal size during the late follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, hormone levels were not measured. Viagra Australia by ViagraAustraliaAu.Com. asthma in women

Studies have demonstrated a role for both exogenous estrogen and progesterone in the management of perimenstrual asthma. In a prospective study of 192 postpubertal women with asthma, the 106 women using oral contraception (OC) had reduced asthma symptoms compared with those not using OC. Women given exogenous sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, and estrogen with progesterone) noted reduced symptoms, improved pulmonary function, and improved asthma control. It is unclear from these studies whether exogenous estrogen or progesterone influences atopy, airway inflammation, or both.

Experimental work supports the effects of both estrogen and progesterone in asthma patients. Estrogen, at physiologic concentrations, prevents cholinergic-induced tracheal ring constriction by activating the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate-protein kinase pathway. Estrogen receptor-a knockout mice exhibit increased AHR to methacholine after allergen sensitization and challenge.

The polymorphonuclear cell population

Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 No Commented
Under: Medicine

Nonspecific labeling was blocked by coating with normal goat serum (X0907 [diluted 1:20]; DAKO) for 20 min at room temperature. The following primary antibodies were used: for HO-1 staining, the anti-HO-1 rabbit polyclonal antihuman antibody (sc10789 [diluted 1:50]; Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc; Santa Cruz, CA) overnight at 4°C; for iNOS staining, the anti-iNOS rabbit polyclonal antihuman antibody (sc8310 [diluted 1:50]; Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc) overnight at 4°C; and for nitrotyrosine staining, the antinitrotyrosine rabbit antihuman antibody (diluted 1:100) [Upstate; Lake Placid, NY] for 1 h at room temperature.

After being incubated with the primary antibody Cheap Tadalafil Australia, the slides were washed, followed by staining with the secondary antibody-alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase complex for 30 min at room temperature. After washing, the slides were stained with Fast Red for 15 min at room temperature. Dilutions and washing steps were performed with the preincubation solution. Slides were counterstained with hematoxylin for 5 min and mounted (Glycergel, C0563; DAKO). Negative control experiments for nonspecific binding were performed in a similar manner but in the absence of the primary antibody. The primary antibody was replaced by nonspecific Ig of the same species as the primary antibody or the preincubation solution. On immunostained slides, polymorphonuclear cells and macrophages were identified by morphologic analysis, and positively stained cells within 300 cells of each population were counted using a light microscope. Results were expressed as the percentage of positive cells within each leukocyte population.

Within the polymorphonuclear cell population, there were mostly neutrophils and very few eosinophils, as was shown on slides stained with May-Grunwald-Giemsa stain (Table 2). However, to be precise we use the term polymorphonuclear cells for the entire analysis of the study. All analyses were performed in a blind fashion by two investigators, and the results were averaged. Three replicate measurements were performed by each observer in 10 randomly selected slides. Both intraobserver and interobserver coefficient of variation (CV) were < 10%.

Canadian pharmacy: Mind medicine

Monday, October 6th, 2014 No Commented
Under: Medications, Medicine


Your image transforms your belief from an invisible saboteur into something concrete — a visual form (instead of a thought form) that can be dealt with, changed, or even eliminated. For instance, your belief that you cannot control your anger might look like the molten lava of a volcano or a rampaging tiger. By seeing your belief as an image and then by changing this image, you are also changing the belief. We call this process “Seeing Is Belief-Conventional psychology adheres to the theory that it’s our past experiences — our upbringing, our parents — that define who we are, what we believe, and what is or is not possible for us. But this work, which is informed by a psychospiritual rather than a psycho logical perspective, teaches that it is our beliefs that generate our experiences in life and that once we become aware of these beliefs, they cease being invisible and we have the option of changing them and setting ourselves free.

When Cheryl practiced the imagery exercise, which took her only a minute, it gave her renewed energy and strength to go forward in life after being stuck for several years. Though she could not change the actual experiences of her past, she could change her attitudes, beliefs, and feelings toward them. Imagining Grandma as strong instead of weak gave Cheryl an imagery mantra she could then use to generate new actions in what had previously been difficult situations. Now, when Mom becomes abusive and tries to steamroll her, instead of having an outburst or suppressing her anger, Cheryl can employ the image of Grandma picking Mom up by her neck and carrying her off. This adds a touch of lightness and humor; it reminds Cheryl that her grandmother still watches over her and that her mom is not as powerful or unmanageable as she had previously believed.

In addition, the imagery supports Cheryl in breaking her habit (and Grandma’s habit before her) of allowing her mother to get away with being a mean-spirited presence pressing her down, restricting her breath, and limiting her life. In doing this, she corrects this family error for herself and sets an example for the rest of the family as well.


Cheryl’s imagery experience in which an angelic presence appears is not uncommon. In the Western spiritual tradition, angels play an important part as messengers of God. Over the past few years more and more books have appeared describing experiences that people have had with angels in their everyday lives. Whether or not you believe in angels or in God, images of these spiritual beings may unexpectedly appear in your imagery and dreams. If this occurs, you then have the opportunity to explore or ignore them. Should you find yourself making negative judgments about the value of such an experience, remember that this is a judgment and is not necessarily the “truth.”

Holistic Health Medicine

Wednesday, June 30th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Medicine

Holistic health medicine is based on the concept in medical practice that all aspects of people’s needs, psychological, physical, and social, should be considered and seen as a whole. Basically, the concept is based on a belief that both the physical and mental aspects of life are interconnected and result into the overall health and wellness of a person. Holistic health is generally associated with the topic of alternative medicine, but it is becoming more popular today.

The concept of holistic medicine is not new and it is ages old concept and many people around the world have experienced the benefits of this treatment technique. It came into limelight recently. There is a certain kind of laziness in the medical field and sometimes it is extremely slow to accept new ways of treatment or thinking.

Generally, it is based more on the approach of how the individual should be treated. There are mainly two types of approaches to treat an individual – physical and mental. Physical approach involved use of medicines and other techniques to help the individual overcome the disease. On the other hand, mental approach incorporates emotional and spiritual aspects as well. It states that achieving a good health is more than simply taking care of the different parts of our physical bodies but also involves emotional factors too. The ultimate aim of holistic medicine is complete wellness, not simply a lack of disease of physical pain.

Many people believe that the concept of holistic medicine is fake; everything is related to physical aspect. Still, many researchers are working on the study to find out the truth of holistic health medicine but whatever the result will be, the prime aim of any kind of therapy is to help the individual achieve complete health and wellness.
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Divine Wellness is a well known name in the field of holistic health medicine. Divine Wellness is providing high quality consulting and e-learning services on herbal alternative medicine and alternative holistic health benefits.

What Problems can Varicose Veins Cause?

Tuesday, April 13th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Medicine

For the great majority of people varicose veins cause no symptoms and never cause harm. Dislike of their appearance is a common complaint, particularly for women. Cosmetic concern may increase the emphasis that patients place on other symptoms. A questionnaire study found that many people are worried about the possible harm their varicose veins might cause. But these fears are usually inappropriate, particularly in relation to bleeding, ulcers, and deep vein thrombosis.

Varicose veins can cause a variety of symptoms of discomfort in the legs, but it is important to differentiate these from the many other reasons for leg pains. A study found that the symptoms significantly associated with varicose vein were itching, heaviness, and aching. But the relation of these with varicose veins was inconsistent, particularly in men. Traditional pointers to symptoms being caused by varicose veins include worsening of symptoms after prolonged standing or walking and towards the end of the day, relieving symptoms by elevating the legs or wearing support hosiery, and tenderness over the veins. Leg swelling is an uncommon symptom of varicose veins — other causes are much commoner.

Unilateral swelling of a leg with big varicose veins is the most typical presentation. Superficial thrombophlebitis can complicate varicose veins. The risk of deep vein thrombosis is remote, but in a case series it occurred very occasionally if phlebitis extended above the knee. Veins may sometimes remain permanently occluded. Treatment of the varicose veins may be appropriate if phlebitis is recurrent or severe, or if the veins also cause other symptoms. Note that thrombophlebitis is not caused by infection, and treatment with antibiotics is unnecessary: drug treatment should be limited to anti-inflammatory analgesics. These are the complications of varicose veins that mandate consideration of treatment. They are all associated with high venous pressure in the upright position, as a result of incompetent venous valves. Bleeding is uncommon and usually occurs from a prominent vein on the leg or foot with thin, dark, unhealthy skin overlying it.

Skin changes range from eczema, through brown discoloration, to florid lipodermatosclerosis with induration of the subcutaneous tissues. Sometimes this can become painfully inflamed, which is often misdiagnosed as phlebitis or infection. If neglected, lipodermatosclerosis can lead to ulceration, which can be chronic and troublesome. Over the years, medical professionals and the general public have been showing greater interest in the development of plant medicines. VenousBalm-Rx and VenousDrops are new topical and oral remedies to treat varicose and spider veins. They are characterized by very strong and real pharmacological activities which unequivocally qualify them as ethical drugs. These treatments are concentrated with a wide spectrum of medicinal plant extracts exhibiting curative effects against varicose veins, as published by the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. For those seeking an end to varicose veins and related conditions, these products deliver the goods. Recent clinical trials demonstrate VenousDrops extracts produce significantly better results to reverse the condition verse prescription medication and the most popular herbal remedies. VenousBalm-Rx and VenousDrops are established to not only reverse conditions stemming from venous insufficiency, but also improve the overall tone of the veins. Treating venous insufficiency can be accomplished via topical application of VenousBalm-Rx and VenousDrops. These extracts from pure natural sources tend to enhance circulatory functionality utilizing the body’s bioforce. Synthetic drugs do not have the ability to impact the bioforce of the body which makes our treatment so important in today’s pharmacopeias.

The use of medicinal plants is taking an increasingly greater role in the treatment of venous insufficiency. Results achieved with these products are more than convincing especially in view of the poor efficacy of allopathic treatments using surgery or classic synthetic medications.

Laser Certification Process

Friday, March 19th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Medicine

Having received market clearance from the FDA, lasers are gaining prominence in the medical field, becoming every bit as important to a hospital setting as the blood pressure pump and the stress testing treadmill. As lasers have gained acceptance, a valid certification process has emerged, as you would expect in any medical field. Here’s a breakdown of the laser certification process and what doctors have to do in order to clinically use medical lasers.
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Certified Medical Laser Hair Remover Provider

Stipulated by the International Aesthetic and Laser Association, the requirements for a certified doctor using lasers to remove hair are designed to exceed all state requirements to ensure the highest standards of competency. The doctor is required to submit a minimal number of clinical cases to meet requirements for full certification, though applicants may be tested as soon as training instruction has been completed. The examination includes 100 multiple choice questions covering 8 areas of lasers in the medical field. These areas relate to hazards involved with the job, regulations and standards, laser interactions with tissue. The questions must be completed within 3 hours.

Applicants must have attended 6 hours or more of formal laser hair removal courses and safety courses, and submit 20 clinical hair removal cases. 10 cases in which a more senior provider was present must be included, a requirement for every type of laser you decide to be certified in.

Certified Aesthetic Laser Operator

Laser operators may be physicians, but they can also be nurses, physical assistants, physician extenders and others who have received the appropriate medical training. They treat clients for benign cosmetic skin conditions and other noninvasive skin rejuvenation.

The examination consists of 125 multiple choice questions related to 8 major content areas, which must be completed in 3.5 hours. The applicant must be dermatology nurse certified, have a 4 year degree or a medical degree or related credentials. They must also have experience in dermatology or plastic surgery services, and document 24 hours or more of medical laser use and safety courses.

Certified Laser Assistant

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To be a certified laser assistant, you must be 18, have a 2 year or 4 year degree or medically related credentials and complete 4 hours or more of laser science and safety training.

Hand Surgery

Friday, March 12th, 2010 No Commented
Under: Medicine

Hand injuries can be devastating, given the degree that each of us relies on them to perform the most basic of tasks. Hand surgery is a complicated procedure requiring training and experience. A hand surgeon must be able to skillfully and adequately reconstruct the skin, bone, nerves, tendons, and joints. Because this may require several operations to complete, patients must be committed to their recovery and aftercare.

While thousands of people undergo cosmetic procedure every year with positive results, choosing a doctor can be the most important way to ensure a successful outcome.

Here are some tips for success.

Personal interviews
Be sure to plan time to interview a selection of doctors and to spend enough time with each to ask some tough questions and evaluate your comfort level with them. Ask about the specific hand surgery procedure you need – find out how many of that type they have performed, how many they perform each year and what types of complications they have dealt with. They should be willing to provide patient references that you can contact.

Check their credentials
Once you have narrowed down your selection, the state medical board can confirm that your doctor of choice is licensed to practice in the state and provide a report of any settlements or records of disciplinary action.

A cosmetic surgeon who is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery has completed an education specifically in plastic procedure, beyond the minimum required to be licensed to practice medicine. For plastic surgeon, this entails at least five years of training with at least two of those specifically in plastic surgery plus continuing education to maintain certification. A patient can verify their surgeon’s certification directly from the ABSP website.

Make sure you know where the hand surgery will be performed and that it is an accredited facility. The association that grants the accreditation can provide this confirmation. If not performed at a hospital, confirm that the doctor has hospital privileges at a nearby facility that will provide a place to take a patient in the event of complications.

Finally, the last deciding factor should be your own intuition. A cosmetic surgeon could be the most highly recommended in the state but if you don’t feel at ease with him or her, it’s probably best to keep looking. You’ll need to have realistic expectations in regards to what hand surgery can and cannot accomplish.

Most people use their hands often, whether to work or perform daily tasks. Therefore, when you experience an injury on this body part, it is necessary for it to be fixed quickly. Fortunately, there are a few types of hand surgery that are meant to cure some of the most common issues encountered.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is quite common, but luckily, it can be repaired in most cases. The hand surgery available for this ailment requires the surgeon to make an incision near the wrist, cutting the tissue that is putting pressure on the affected nerves. Once the pressure is relieved, the hands will be bandaged up, and a wrist brace will need to be worn while the area heals.

The splint will need to stay on for at least two weeks usually, and pain medication will likely be necessary during that time. The recovery time varies depending on the person, as well as how long the pain was present before the operation.

One type of malady that many do not know about is called Dupuytren’s contracture, which usually involves thickening of the skin of the palm. The result is that the fingers contract, and there is also a reduction in the ability for the hands to function. The operation involves cutting into the area where the thickened tissue is, which should allow the fingers to move freely again.

Occasionally, a skin graft is needed to replace the thickened skin, and physical therapy may be needed afterward to help the fingers move freely once again.

Another ailment is rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune disorder that results in inflammation of the joints. Treatment varies depending on the patient and how severe the disease is.

Sometimes, surgical cleaning works fine, in which the old inflamed tissue is simply removed so that it does not hurt as much to move the joints. However, many older patients with severe cases need to undergo arthroplasty, which involves replacing the joint with an artificial one. These are just some of the most common types of hand surgery for this condition.

There are plenty of issues that can occur with hands and wrists. Luckily, there are surgeries appropriate for nearly all of them. If you ever have an injury in this area, it is important to know immediately whether there is a way to correct the issue. This way, you can set up an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible in order to fix the issue.