High Blood Pressure – What is It?

Tuesday, April 20th, 2010 No Commented
Categorized Under: Hypertension

We all have heard about it, but do many of us really know what HBP really is. Quite simply, blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of our arteries. The actual pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury and is recorded as two numbers which are systolic pressure-one’s actual heart beats-over diastolic pressure-or when the heart relaxes between beats.

Actually, BP rises and falls over the day, and it becomes a concern if it stays elevated over time, which becomes high blood pressure. This can become very dangerous in that it causes the heart to work too hard and the force of the blood flow against the arteries not only may harm the arteries but also the heart, kidneys, the brain, and even one’s sight.

Unfortunately, once high blood pressure occurs, it most likely will last a lifetime, and if not controlled can lead to heart and kidney disease, stroke, and possibly blindness. What one needs to follow up on is that normal BP is less than 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury).The more one’s BP rises above this normal measurement, the greater is the health risk.

One can control their BP with the following steps:

1) Watch your weight.
2) Practice to be fairly active physically 4-5 days of the week.
3) Eat healthy and watch your salt intake.
4) If you use alcohol, drink in moderation.

If you are under a doctor’s care for lowering blood pressure make sure you do not stop taking your medication. Living with high blood pressure means adjusting your daily lifestyle choices in order to reduce the probability of heart disease or stroke.